The relationship between the United States and Iran is undoubtedly one of the most crucial and intense of the geopolitical world today. In this paper it is argued that both powers sometimes have common interests, but working together with Iran remains very difficult for the United States. Why is that?
In this paper, there will be looked at the factors that account for United States hostility towards the Shiite Muslim country. Why is Iran such a difficult topic in the United States? The Iranian nuclear program is the main reason for U.S. hostility towards Iran. But there are other reasons as well, and those will also be studied in this paper. Studying secondary sources will test this hypothesis ‘ that the main factor of U.S. hostility towards Iran is the countries nuclear program ‘ like papers, news articles, academic articles and books.
This paper is organized in four big topics, or in other words, the major factors that account for U.S. hostility towards Iran. The first factor that will be discussed is the agitated history between the United States and Iran. This topic is divided in three big time periods, all of them crucial for the U.S. views on Iran: the first is the Shah era, the second is the Islamic republic era, and the third domain, also the most recent era, is called the hostile relationship.
The second major factor for hostility towards Iran that will be studied is the geostrategic factor. This part of the paper starts with a general view on the current situation in the Persian Gulf and the countries around it. Then, the impact of oil on this factor will be discussed. Afterwards the biggest reason for U.S hostility towards Iran will make its entrance: the Iran nuclear program and thereby also the latest developments on a deal between the two countries. Another topic that contributes to the geostrategic factor of hostility between the two countries is the Iranian support of terrorism. At last, the relationships between the United States and its allies in the region, Saudi Arabia and Israel, will be discussed.
The third big factor is the domestic politic in the United States. This topic is divided in three parts: all having an influence in today’s treatment of Iran. The first aspect that will be discussed is the opinion of the two major parties in the U.S., the Republican and the Democratic Party, about Iran. Afterwards there will be looked at the Obama administration and its current actions. At last, the Israel lobby and its influence on the U.S-Iran relations will be studied.
The fourth and smallest factor is the cultural and religious difference between the two countries. In this part of the paper, there will be looked at what the differences are between the two nations and its people in terms of values, beliefs and identity. At the end of the paper, under the ‘Future’ title, different possibilities will be discussed of how U.S.-Iran relations may develop in the next few years. In the conclusion of the paper follows a short resume of the factors and convictions. Moreover, beliefs about how the U.S-Iran relationship should develop are shared with the reader.
These are unarguable interesting times in the development of relationships between the United States and Iran. In April 2015 there was a big development with the signing of a new nuclear agreement, the main reason of hostile relationships the past few years. Still, lots of observers are convinced that the road to a stabile relationship between the two countries is still very long and vulnerable to domestic evolutions in both countries. Only time will tell if the road to peace has really kicked-off.