These study is rich in knowledge and in-depth analysis but applying the research findings in a different geographical area or setting must be done with great caution as the interviews was conducted in one refugee camp in Ghana. The findings of this study can only be applied based on the participants or sample, to that population in the camp and therefore should go beyond the sampling frame. The researcher was limited to one local area because he was dependent on people’s willingness to help. According such a geographical restraint imposes a cultural limit on the sample. Qualitative approach aims at deepening the understanding of the small group, collecting the interviews from different parts of living environment or social context would have revealed a considerable variation of stories or different experiences.
Chiefly among the constraints was the time frame in which the study was to be completed. Data collection lasted for a period of one month. The researcher spent quiet a considerable amount of time at the Buduburam Refugee Camp prior to the data collection, as he was interested in exploring different facets of the phenomenon but most of this time was spent establishing a rapport with participants and other inhabitants of the Buduburam refugee community. This was due to heighten sense mistrust and suspicion of people outside the refugee community. To understand a phenomenon or explore a social context a research must observe their participants in their living environment for a substantial period of time. Although I visited some participants in their homes, partake in some games with the males and observe especially the female participants undertaking their vocational practical’s .In spite of all that, participant observation over a longer period of time would have proven invaluable in understanding their general wellbeing and conditions at the refugee camp. The research would have gain in-depth understanding of how they interact with their peers in their environment, how they are coping with their traumatic past in that social context and finally how they are dealing with the challenging conditions that confronts them at the camp.
Due to limited time the researcher was not able to used recruitment approach that will yield a random sampling. The snowball sampling technique employed in this study means that participants are most likely to identify other potential respondents who are similar to themselves (Saunder, Lewis & Thornhil, 2009). Therefore there is the tendency of biases associated with these technique.
To Saunder et al, (2009) collecting data from fewer participants also means that you can collect information that is more detailed and indepth but the researcher believes greater number of participants would have been useful to the study. Time constraints prevented me from interviewing a sizeable participants. I had to travel back from Ghana to Finland to continuing with the rest of the classroom work
Finally, in spite of the high level of disclosure by interviewees, it is possible their narration of their war experience or response styles might have caused some bias. This could have resulted in participants reporting less of what they actually experienced or reporting the event with great emphasis. Basically, their interview response could be biased due to bitterness or emotions that stem from their experiences in war.