Essay: Economic development of developing nations

Most developing nation’s citizens want to improve their life standard, they will continuous to learn and accept help for changing their life standard. International institutions were willing to helping searching, building peaceful solutions and find ways of resolving this problem. It supports lead the governments and citizens become more democracy and come close with market economy around the world. Afterwards developing nation’s citizens are raising their educational levels, societal modernization and self-expression values. People growing and changing and produce suspicion democratic institutions of governance quality and become rejection of autocracy. The organization of institutions and governance operation or practice has been unable to meet the needs of the grassroots, the democratic aspirations level result under the international standard it termed the democratic deficit. Furthermore, many developing countries people discover international institutions similar as a tool of large companies help special of transnational corporations with imposing free-market trade policies. It trend make benefit for the developed country and damaging the interests of developing countries. If suddenly economic crisis and internal conflict was happen. Some people who not to know what to do in this turbulent environment. For this reason the developing nations citizens to be willing to go backwards to accept democratic governments autocracy to find a sense of security in their life. The independency and dominator behavior look like a circulatory system become unending.

Evaluating the degree of economic development of developing nations, most commonly use Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Gross National Product (GNP), and low Human Development Index (HDI)(CAWTO 2013).The developing nations compare with other countries the income level, level of industrialization and general standard of living index both low then other countries. These developing nations’ local people and government have not sufficient knowledge and technique to lead the countries become modernization. Also, developing nations were existing conflicts within countries. The incorporating or countering democratic deficits argument These conflicts is direct destroy development and leading to gross violations of human rights. International institutions the role are supporting minority government, organization and citizen who were affected by the local political conflict. The institutions were helping, research and building peaceful solutions and find ways of resolving their differences without violence. It was providing training, advice and support to the developing nations (AMS 2015). Such as Angola, Korea, Dem. Rep, India, and South Africa .The institutions focus in research and advice to the developing nations. Teach them how to reform their policies and skill to development analysis economic environment and training on technical. To consolidate relationships between citizens and the government increase local peace and decrease the local political conflict, advice governments on how to support the freedoms needed for a vibrant civil society. Also the institutions try to empower local people, including women young people and businesses to understand the economic situation. Pass through this help to ensure these developing nations have enough strategies and skill to face into the globalization economy. Help and lead developing nations people improve and increasing their life standard become better way.

International Institutions such as World Trade Organization (WTO 2015), in 2014 has 160 members around the world. WTO focus on attempting to complete agreements are negotiated and signed by the mass of the world’s trading nations and approved in their house of councilors with on addressing the needs of developing countries .For developed countries signed and concern for free trade agreements between industrial product and services but keep of protectionism on farm allowance to domestic agricultural sector(WTO 2015), For developing countries signed the verify of the international liberalization of fair trade on agricultural goods (Hoekman B and Michel M 1996). The objective is to help manufacturer conduct their business between goods and services, exporters, and importers.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has 34 member countries span the globe (OECD 2015). It provides a forum to promote policies to motivate the economic, social and environmental changing. To advocate each government can share experiences and work together and seek solutions to common problems. The setting of government compare policy, helping answers to common problems, can identify best practice international policies. Such as support continued economic growth, increase employment, increases the citizen’s living standards, helping other countries’ who are economic development and promote to growth in world trade. The above organizations are support lead the governments become more democracy and come close with market economy around the world.

There are many international institutions whose programmers and policies affect developing countries integration into international trading system (Constantine 2001). Such as WTO and International Trade Centre focus exclusively on trade, World Bank and UNDP focus within trade related activities. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTD) focuses on trade and development at policy analysis level. These international institutions meetings bring the main message are the evidence and analyses presented corporate governance matters for national development such as of Brazil, Chile, India, and South Africa (Oman 2003). It show that developing countries has a importance role being a corporate governance in helping both to increase the financial capital and to improve those countries’ financial development as a whole.

However, the international institutions many help for theirs developing nations why the difficult position and democratic deficit have not disappear within the developing nations. The Causes of the Democratic Deficit are raising educational levels, societal modernization and self-expression values of citizens (Pippa 2011). The citizens and the government have different level of performance expectation. This organization’s operation or practice has been unable to meet the needs of the grassroots. Such as, negative news about government, shortfalls in government particularly process and policy performance. Therefore, make people feel decline in confidence and unpeaceful of the government. This reflected in people suspicion democratic institutions of governance quality and the rejection of autocracy. When the democratic aspirations level result under the international standard it termed the Democratic deficit.

As well some scholar was publish assay comment that, to achieve endure productivity increase and continued democratic political institutions must start from improved the country’s governance ability. To achieve the highest sustainable economic growth, citizen’s contribution is the main part to help the economic growth. Give people what they want satisfied and achieve they hope is the main way, rising standard of living and pay close attention to labor right(Virginia A. and Daniel W 2006). Labor request the fair return within the contribution of economic growth .In fact, within the improved corporate governance process, generality the international equity flows to corporations in developing countries. Indeed, even at the height international concern for corporate governance in the emerging-market economies is little attention was given to corporate governance in other developing countries, especially the smaller and poorer ones.

Furthermore, many developing countries worker represent assert that WTO agreements threaten their jobs it is because increase import labor competition. And WTO similar as a tool of large business help special of multinational business with imposing free-market trade policies it trend make benefit for the developed country and damaging the interests of developing countries .So WTO is determine exploitative employers, undemocratic, unbalanced, corrupt, or illegitimate(Jones 2004). Those are the main influence of economic and political spheres of developing nations.

In fact, some developing nations were trying their best to get out from difficult position of economic and independency of democracy. Such as Chile’s economic and political spheres are more advanced than many country, but the political sphere problem just solve in recent. Since the debt crisis, Brazil the end both of the country imports replaces industrialization development strategy and military dictatorship. The early 1990s, India has effectively being move to a more open and friendly market economy with other country to get out from long been a political democracy. South Africa Corporation’s long-term investment finance was directly provided by state governance systems (Oman 2003).But now those country policies similar were more open and democratic economic. They look forward to abolition of apartheid, challenging undemocratic political governance .Why, the result in today the problems still unsettled and solve. It is because actuality the developing nations have not enough experience and technique self-reliant to fact the globalization economic, they still solely depend on a third party.

The suddenly economic crisis or internal conflict was happen in the poorest societies of the world. The democratic governments and citizens were lacking with experience in democracy, low-income economies and post-conflict divided societies.

This fragile state was no historical experience to face the basic public services such as problems of food security and clean water scarcity and threatens new humanitarian disasters in low-lying coastal still have delivering obstacles. In this complex and difficult environment, developing nation’s governments and citizens raising doubts about whether the world can achieve development international institutions goals and continues to fight for democratization. There is no perfect approach to enhancing developing countries ‘ governance. The international institutions look like have tight relationship with big international corporations between parts of free-market trade policies. Those uncleanly global situation cause developing nations citizens to be willing to go backwards to accept democratic governments autocracy to find a sense of security in their life. The independency and dominator behavior look like a circulatory system become unending.

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